The relation between humans and bees traces back to the time when humans were hunters and gatherers. There is evidence from ancient paintings in caves displaying how humans collected honeycombs.
Beeswax was a crucial element in the development of human civilization. Vikings used it to preserve food in long voyages across the ocean. Egyptians used it to protect papyrus writings that have lasted for more than 2,000 years. And, as recommended by Aristotle, Greeks used it as medicine for wounds.
A natural barrier against pathogens
Beeswax contains over 300 compounds in its structure. One of the main active ingredients is propolis, known for its antiseptic and antifungal properties.
Propolis is a Greek word meaning defense of the city. Bees use this substance to protect their hive from pathogens.
Beeswax has hydrophobic properties that prevent water from deteriorating materials such as wood or paper.
Recent scientific research demonstrates that wood coated with beeswax is up to 90% more resistant to fungus than wood treated with other materials like mineral oil. Additionally, beeswax acts as a water-resistant shell that prevents swelling.